Refractive Problems

refractiveMYOPIA (nearsightedness): The cornea may be too steep relative to the length of the eyeball. Effectively, the eye is too long. The visual image of light entering the eye focuses in front of the retina, resulting in a blurred or distorted view.

HYPEROPIA (farsightedness): The cornea may be too flat relative to the length of the eyeball. Effectively, the eye is too short. The visual image of light entering the eye focuses behind the retina, resulting in a blurred or distorted view.

ASTIGMATISM (asymmetrical cornea or lens); Unlike the normal eye that has a round shape, like a basketball, an eye with astigmatism has an oblong shaped eye, more like a football. The light rays entering the eye are unevenly bent, causing distortion and blurred vision.

PRESBYOPIA: Presbyopia occurs when the eye’s near-focusing ability declines due to loss of elasticity of the fusing lens inside the eye. This generally occurs between ages of 35 and 45.